As an Engineer at a storage company, I’m often working to characterize how different drives will perform in an environment. As you go down the stack from application to OS to hardware, there are a lot of different factors that come into play. It’s amazing to see what types of differences in performance, you’ll see with varying drives and workloads.
Here are some example results from a testbed looking at a single Seagate 15K 600G drive connected to an LSI 2008 HBA on a CentOS 6.5 machine.
The Random Read tests are using fio with 100% random reads of the specified block size and queue depth against the entire raw drive. There is no filesystem caching in these tests. The Random Write test is the same, but with 100% writes. The Mixed tests are 65% read and 35% writes.